Kaempferol-7-O-beta-D-glucoside (KG) isolated from Smilax china L. rhizome induces G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis on HeLa cells in a p53-independent manner.
Cancer Lett. 2008 Jun 18;264(2):229-40. Epub 2008 Mar 14. PMID: 18343026
Full Citation: "Kaempferol-7-O-beta-D-glucoside (KG), a flavonoid glycoside, isolated from Smilax china L. rhizome, displayed marked anticancer activity on a panel of established cancer cells, of which, HeLa human cervix carcinoma cells were the most sensitive. Meanwhile, the cytotoxic effects of KG on normal human cells (HEK293 embryonic kidney cells and L-02 embryonic liver cells) were much smaller than on cancer cells. This work studied the molecular mechanisms underlying KG induced growth inhibition in HeLa cells. The results showed that KG induced G2/M phase growth arrest correlated with Cyclin B1 and Cdk1 decrease in a p53-independent manner, and also caused an increase in apoptosis, which was confirmed by characteristic morphological changes, evident DNA fragmentation, increased apoptotic sub-G1 population. Furthermore, inhibition of NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, up-regulation of Bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2, were observed in HeLa cells treated with KG, which indicated that the mitochondrial pathway was involved in the apoptosis signal pathway. In summary, KG displayed a significant anti-tumor effect through cell cycle arrest and apoptotic induction in HeLa cells, which suggested that KG might have therapeutic potential against cervix carcinoma."