Flavonoids alleviating insulin resistance through inhibition of inflammatory signaling. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Flavonoids alleviating insulin resistance through inhibition of inflammatory signaling.
J Agric Food Chem. 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5. PMID: 30612424
During the past 20 years, many studies have focused on polyphenol compounds for their potential beneficial health effects. Flavonoids represent a large class of phenolic compounds found in fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, cocoa, tea, and other beverages. Flavonoids have shown antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Given the putative relationship between inflammation and insulin resistance, the consumption of flavonoids or flavonoid-rich foods have been suggested to reduce the risk of diabetes by targeting inflammatory signals. This is the first comprehensive review summarizing the current research progress on the inhibition of inflammation and alleviation of insulin resistance by flavonoids, as well as the mechanistic link between these disorders. Laboratory and human studies on the activities of major flavonoids (flavones, isoflavones, flavonols, etc.) are discussed.