Selective antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of flavonoids purified from Rhus verniciflua Stokes on normal versus transformed hepatic cell lines.
Toxicol Lett. 2005 Jan 15;155(1):115-25. PMID: 15585366
Considerable attention is being concentrated on dietary flavonoids in developing novel cancer-preventive approaches due to their potential ability to induce selective apoptosis of cancer cells. In this study, we prepared a flavonoid-containing fraction from a crude acetone extract of Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS), traditionally used as a food additive and as an herbal medicine, and named RVS chloroform-methanol fraction (RCMF). We evaluated the effects of RCMF on proliferation and apoptosis using mouse embryonic primary hepatic cells (MPHC), embryonic normal hepatic cell line (BNL CL.2), and its SV40-mediated transformed cell line (BNL SV A.8). We also investigated the effects of RCMF on the antioxidant defense system in those cells. This study demonstrated that RCMF exhibited a selective growth inhibition and apoptosis induction on transformed cells. BNL SV A.8 cells were more sensitive to RCMF-mediated cytotoxicity than were MPHC or BNL CL.2. RCMF-mediated reduction of MnSOD activity and glutathione (GSH) content in BNL SV A.8 cells is thought to be associated with RCMF-induced apoptosis. Our findings suggest that RCMF is an agent which may be capable of inducing growth inhibition and apoptosis of hepatic tumor cells.