Flavonoids of Rosa roxburghii Tratt Exhibit Anti-Apoptosis Properties by Regulating PARP-1/AIF.
J Cell Biochem. 2017 11 ;118(11):3943-3952. Epub 2017 May 25. PMID: 28398610
Radioprotection is an important approach to reduce the side-effects of radiotherapy. The radioprotective effect of the flavonoids of Rosa roxburghii Tratt (FRT) has been confirmed, and the mechanism has been identified as theBcl-2/caspase-3/PARP-1 signaling pathway. In this study, we investigated the effects of FRT on the intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM), and vascular cell adhesion protein (VCAM) in addition to apoptosis-related proteins such as Bax/Bcl-2, p-ERK/ERK, p-p53/p53, and p-p38/p38. In the present study, we focused on the effect of FRT on PARP-1/AIF. Ionizing radiation triggered the activation of PARP-1 and AIF translocation from the mitochondrion to the nucleus. The inhibition of PARP-1/AIF signaling pathway by FRT was investigated. Our results showed that the expressions of Bax/Bcl-2, p-ERK/ ERK, p-p53/p53, and p-p38/p38 were decreased after FRT treatment compared with the radiation-treated group. FRT inhibited PARP-1 activation to inhibit AIF translocation from mitochondrion to nucleus. Pretreatment with FRT diminished the comet's tail and reduced fragments in six Gy-irradiated thymocytes compared with the irradiated cells without FRT treatment. We conclude that FRT enhanced radioprotection at least partially by regulating PARP-1/AIF to reduce apoptosis. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 3943-3952, 2017.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.