Flavonol glycosides of Rosa multiflora regulates intestinal barrier function. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Flavonol glycosides of Rosa multiflora regulates intestinal barrier function through inhibiting claudin expression in differentiated Caco-2 cells.
Nutr Res. 2019 12 ;72:92-104. Epub 2019 Nov 4. PMID: 31767206
Eijitsu, the fruits of Rosa multiflora Thunberg, is a traditional Japanese natural medicine and used as purgatives. The active constituents were identified as flavonol glycosides, multiflorin A (MF), and multinoside A (MSA), but mechanism of the purgative action is still unknown. We hypothesized that the flavonol glycosides 1 and 2 may exhibit the purgative actions through modulating intestinal epithelial barrier function. Then, this study aimed to investigate their effects on intestinal epithelial barrier function and possible molecular mechanisms in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. MF and MSA decreased transepithelial electrical resistance and increased paracellular permeability of Caco-2 cell monolayers. Expression of claudins (CLDNs) involved in paracellular permeability of ions and low-molecular substances was significantly decreased by the treatment with MF or MSA. The compounds increased the ratio of N-cadherin/E-cadherin, expression of transforming growth factor-β and Slug, and phosphorylation level of Smad3, suggesting epithelial-mesenchymal transition activation, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition inhibition by transforming growth factor-β receptor kinase inhibitors completely recovered the decreased CLDNs expression caused by MF and MSA. Moreover, the increased paracellular permeability and the decreased CLDNs expression by the treatment with MF or MSA for 24 hours recovered to the same extent as the untreated group with the compounds by continuous culture in the growth medium alone for 48 hours. These results suggest that Eijitsu may be effective in preventing or relieving constipation symptoms, unless used chronically.