Flower extracts from Paeonia decomposita and Paeonia ostii inhibit melanin synthesis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Flower extracts from Paeonia decomposita and Paeonia ostii inhibit melanin synthesis via cAMP-CREB-associated melanogenesis signaling pathways in murine B16 melanoma cells.
J Food Biochem. 2019 Apr ;43(4):e12777. Epub 2019 Jan 24. PMID: 31353606
This investigation seeks to identify the effects of the EtOAc fractions of different flower parts of Paeonia decomposita (Pd) and Paeonia ostii (Po) on melanogenesis and their mechanisms of action in B16 melanoma cells. Cell viability assay showed that Pd-1, Po-1 (the petals of Pd or Po), Pd-3 and Po-3 (the stamens of Pd or Po) at 25 μg/ml produced lower toxic activities in B16 cells. Pd-1 and Po-1 extracts considerably reduced the melanin content and inhibited tyrosinase and DOPA oxidase activity. Moreover, Pd-1 and Po-1 down-regulated the expressions of MC1R, MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2, and tyrosinase. These extracts also reduce cAMP levels and inhibited the phosphorylation of CREB, which might be due to the presence of high concentrations of phenolic compounds and flavonoids. Our results suggested that Pd-1 and Po-1 are able to modulate the cAMP-CREB signaling pathway and down-regulate the melanogenesis-related proteins resulting in the observed anti-melanogenic effects. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: In China, the flower of Paeonia is often consumed as a dietary supplement and as an additive in skin whitening products. In November 2013, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China hasapproved the flower of Paeonia ostii as a novel food resource. The current study firstly demonstrated that the effects of EtOAc fractions of the petals of Paeonia decomposita (Pd) and Paeonia ostii (Po) considerably reduced the melanin content in B16 cells, which is due to the modulation of the cAMP-CREB signaling pathway followed by the down-regulation of melanogenesis-related proteins. Pd and Po extracts, as natural tyrosinase inhibitors, may serve as good candidates in food additives, cosmetic materials, or even in treating hyperpigmentation diseases.