Fluoride induces autoimmune orchitis involved with enhanced IL-17A secretion in mice testis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Fluoride induces autoimmune orchitis involved with enhanced IL-17A secretion in mice testis.
J Agric Food Chem. 2019 Nov 8. Epub 2019 Nov 8. PMID: 31703480
Fluoride (F) widely exists in the water and food. Recent studies reported that F induced testicular toxicity via inflammation reaction. This study was aimed to explore the mechanism of F-induced inflammation in testis. 100 healthy male mice (BALB/cJ strain) were randomly divided into five groups including: control, experimental autoimmune orchitis (EAO), and three F groups (25, 50 and 100 mg/L sodium fluoride (NaF)). After 150 d, the results showed a significant increase in testicular cytokines levels including of IL-17A, IL-6, IFN-γ and TNF-α in NaF and EAO groups compared with control group. Interestingly, the presence of specific anti-sperm autoantibodies in anti-testicular autoantibodies and the notable recruitment of immunocyte (T cells and dendritic cells) were also observed in NaF and EAO groups. In addition, findingsshowed that in NaF and EAO groups, macrophages and T cells both significantly secreted IL-17A, and the protein and mRNA levels of cytokines (IL-6 and TGF-β) were significantly increased. From these results, it can be concluded that autoimmune orchitis and IL-17A are implicated in F-induced testicular inflammation.