Abstract Title:

Fructose-induced hepatic gluconeogenesis: effect of L-carnitine.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2007 Mar 6;80(13):1176-83. Epub 2006 Dec 23. PMID: 17239403

Abstract Author(s):

Panchamoorthy Rajasekar, Carani Venkatraman Anuradha

Article Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract:

High fructose feeding (60 g/100 g diet) in rodents induces alterations in both glucose and lipid metabolism. The present study was aimed to evaluate whether intraperitoneal carnitine (CA), a transporter of fatty acyl-CoA into the mitochondria, could attenuate derangements in carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes and glucose overproduction in high fructose-diet fed rats. Male Wistar rats of body weight 150-160 g were divided into 4 groups of 6 rats each. Groups 1 and 4 animals received control diet while the groups 2 and 3 rats received high fructose-diet. Groups 3 and 4 animals were treated with CA (300 mg/Kg body weight/day, i.p.) for 30 days. At the end of the experimental period, levels of carnitine, glucose, insulin, lactate, pyruvate, glycerol, triglycerides and free fatty acids in plasma were determined. The activities of carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes and glycogen content in liver and muscle were assayed. Hepatocytes isolated from liver were studied for the gluconeogenic activity in the presence of substrates such as pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, fructose and alanine. Fructose-diet fed animals showed alterations in glucose metabolizing enzymes, increased circulating levels of gluconeogenic substrates and depletion of glycogen in liver and muscle. There was increased glucose output from hepatocytes of animals fed fructose-diet alone with all the gluconeogenic substrates. The abnormalities associated with fructose feeding such as increased gluconeogenesis, reduced glycogen content and other parameters were brought back to near normal levels by CA. Hepatocytes from these animals showed significant inhibition of glucose production from pyruvate (74.3%), lactate (65.4%), glycerol (69.6%), fructose (56.2%) and alanine (63.6%) as compared to CA untreated fructose-fed animals. The benefits observed could be attributed to the effect of CA on fatty acyl-CoA transport.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Problem Substances : Fructose : CK(361) : AC(106)
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Gluconeogenesis Up-Regulation : CK(8) : AC(4)

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