Fructose is used to induce insulin resistance in an animal mode of type 2 diabetes. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Repeated application of low-frequency electroacupuncture improves high-fructose diet-induced insulin resistance in rats.
Acupunct Med. 2011 Jun 22. Epub 2011 Jun 22. PMID: 21697213
1Department of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Meiji University of Integrative Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is frequently present in obesity and during the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on high-fructose diet (HFD)-induced insulin resistance. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were fed HFD for 4 weeks and developed insulin resistance. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by clamp. The number of animals was seven, eight and seven in the control, HFD and HFD+EA groups, respectively. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) in skeletal muscle were measured by Western blotting analysis (n=7 in each group). EA stimulation was carried out 12 times over 4 weeks at an intensity of 1-3 mA and a frequency of 2/15 Hz in a conscious state without restraint. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mean body weight and fasting blood glucose concentration between groups at the end of the experiment. The mean glucose infusion rate during the clamp was significantly lower in the HFD group than in controls (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in expression of GLUT4 in skeletal muscle in the control and each group. Phosphorylated AMPKα (Thr(172)) in skeletal muscle showed a significant increase immediately after the final EA stimulation when compared with the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Repeated application of EA is capable of improving diet-induced insulin resistance, probably through activation of AMPK signalling pathways in skeletal muscle. These results suggest that repeated application of EA may have beneficial effects on diet-induced insulin resistance.