Fucoidan induces ROS-dependent epigenetic modulation in cervical cancer HeLa cell. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Fucoidan induces ROS-dependent epigenetic modulation in cervical cancer HeLa cell.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Mar 24 ;181:180-192. Epub 2021 Mar 24. PMID: 33771548
Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide obtained from marine algae and known for various pharmacological activities. In this study, we investigated the effect of Fucoidan on cell viability, redox balance, cytoskeletal component F-actin, HDAC inhibition, autophagy, and senescence phenomenon in human cervical cancer HeLa cell line in comparison to positive control suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid by flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, and western blotting. Our observations revealed that Fucoidan exposure induces cytotoxicity in HeLa cells via ROS and mitochondrial superoxide generation and loss of ATP. Colorimetrical studies suggested that Fucoidan impairs the function of HDAC expression. Fucoidan treatment also contributes to the change in the granularity of cells, senescence-associated heterochromatin foci formation that leads to senescence in HeLa cells. Moreover, we visualize that Fucoidan exhibits autophagosomes formation with monodansylcadaverine, and flow cytometry analysis by acridine orange further substantiates that Fucoidan triggers autophagy in HeLa cells. Additionally, the changes in the expression of proteins p21, p16, BECN1, and HDAC1 were seen as markers of senescence, autophagy, and HDAC inhibition by FACS and immunoblotting. Molecular docking study validates Fucoidan-HDAC1 association in corroboration with the experimental data. Collectively, these mechanistic studies demonstrated that Fucoidan could be a therapeutic molecule for targeting HDACs in cervical cancer.