Neuroprotective role of fucoxanthin against cerebral ischemic/reperfusion injury through activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Oct ;106:1484-1489. Epub 2018 Jul 24. PMID: 30119223
In the present study, an attempt was made to determine whether administration of fucoxanthin could attenuate cerebral ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury and its possible mechanisms using an in vivo middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model and an in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) model. Fucoxanthin was intragastrically administrated in different doses (30 mg/kg, 60 mg/kg, and 90 mg/kg, respectively) to the rats 1 h before MCAO induction. The neurological function, infarct area and brain water content of rats were then evaluated. Rat cortical neuron were pretreated with different doses of fucoxanthin (5 μM, 10 μM, and 20 μM) and thensubjected to OGD/R. Expression levels of proteins in the brain tissues and cultured cells were determined by western blotting. Our results demonstrated that fucoxanthin pretreatment improved the neurologic deficit score, lowered the infarct volume and reduced the expression of apoptosis-associatedproteins in brain tissues. In addition, fucoxanthin also suppresses OGD/R-induced apoptosis and ROS accumulation in cultured neurons. Furthermore, we found that fucoxanthin could significantly activate the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling through inducing Nrf2 nuclear translocation with enhanced HO-1 expression,and Nrf2 knockdown obviously abrogated the beneficial role of fucoxanthin in OGD/R-treated neurons. These findings suggested that fucoxanthin could be exploited as a therapeutic target for protecting neurons from cerebral I/R injury.