Galangin Reverses Hepatic Fibrosis by Inducing HSCs Apoptosis via the PI3K/Akt, Bax/Bcl-2, and Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway in LX-2 Cells.
Biol Pharm Bull. 2020 Nov 1 ;43(11):1634-1642. Epub 2020 Sep 4. PMID: 32893252
Hepatic fibrosis (HF) is a common disease, with currently no available treatment. Galangin, a natural flavonoid extracted from Alpinia officinaruim Hance, has multiple effects demonstrated in previous studies. The aim of the present study was to explore the anti-fibrogenic effect of galangin in vitro, and research its potential molecular mechanisms. LX-2 cells were chosen as an in vitro HF model, and were treated with galangin in different concentrations. Cell viability was analyzed using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, cell apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry, and the anti-fibrogenic effect of galangin was determined using RT-quantitative (q)PCR, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting. The results show that the proliferation of LX-2 cells was efficiently inhibited by galangin, and apoptosis was induced in a dose-dependent manner. Both the mRNA and protein expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen I were markedly downregulated. Galangin also inhibited the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways and increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. The results of this study suggest that galangin has an anti-fibrogenic effect and may represent a promising agent in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis.