Ganoderic Acid A Targetingβ-Catenin in Wnt Signaling Pathway: In Silico and In Vitro Study.
Interdiscip Sci. 2016 Aug 22. Epub 2016 Aug 22. PMID: 27549815
Balraj Singh Gill
Wnt signaling pathways are the group of signaling transduction controlling the embryonic development, cell proliferation, cell migration, cell fate specification, and body axis pattern. Nuclear accumulation ofβ-catenin in Wnt signaling is a widely recognized marker of poor cancer prognosis which regulates fat and glucose metabolism. Ganoderic acid is a triterpene isolated from fungus Ganoderma lucidum renowned for its pharmacological effects. The present study revealed the mechanistic study of β-catenin with 50 isoforms of ganoderic acid by molecular docking using Maestro 9.6 (Schrödinger Inc) in Wnt signaling pathway. Molecular docking reveals the binding interaction of β-catenin and ganoderic acid A with GScore (-9.44), kcal/mol, lipophilic EvdW (-2.86), electro (-0.72), Glide emodel (-50.401), MM-GBSA (-87.441), H bond (-1.91) with Lys 180 and Asn 220 residues involved in hydrogen bonding. Qikprop analyzed the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity and confirmed that most of the isoforms satisfies Lipinski rule but needs little modifications in their structure. The ganoderic acid A is the best-docked isoforms which inhibits the proliferation, viability, and intracellular ROS of pancreatic cancer RIN-5F cells in a dose-dependent manner.