Gastric protective activities of fucoidan from brown alga Kjellmaniella crassifolia through the NF-κB signaling pathway.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Jan 20. Epub 2020 Jan 20. PMID: 31972198
Fucoidan has been reported to have abundant biological activities. The objective of the present study was to detect the protective effects of fucoidan from Kjellmaniella crassifolia (KF) newly cultured in Dalian, North of China on aspirin-induced gastric ulcers of the Wistar rat model. The present study showed that inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 were effectively regulated in rats pretreated with KF. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities increased significantly in the KF pretreated groups, while the levels of maleic dialdehyde (MDA) decreased. The findings obtainedby RT-PCR and western blotting indicated that KF could suppress aspirin-induced NF-κB activation via stabilization of IκB-α and thereby induced the downregulation of COX-2 and iNOS. It was demonstrated that KF exerted positive gastric protective effects via suppression of the inflammatory response and oxidative stress, and the mechanism of KF appeared to mediate the NF-κB signaling pathway.