Abstract Title:

Gastrodin pretreatment alleviates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury through promoting autophagic flux.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018 09 18 ;503(4):2421-2428. Epub 2018 Jul 3. PMID: 29969626

Abstract Author(s):

Shanshan Fu, Linlin Chen, Yizhang Wu, Ying Tang, Lu Tang, Yongkang Zhong, Siyi Wang, Haiqiong Liu, Xianbao Wang, Aihua Chen

Article Affiliation:

Shanshan Fu


Gastrodin (GAS), a monomeric component exacted from the herb Gastrodia elata Bl, may have cardioprotective effects during injury caused by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). For the significant role of autophagy in I/R process, we targeted to explore whether autophagy was contributing to the GAS-induced protective effects during I/R procedure. Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to reversible left coronary artery ligation and cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCs) exposed to hypoxia were preconditioned with GAS prior to ischemia or hypoxia, following reperfusion for 2 h or re-oxygennation for 3 h respectively. Our results demonstrated that GAS pretreatment increased autophagy and reduced apoptosis during I/R, this effect was weakened by co-treatment with the autophagic flux inhibitor chloroquine (Cq). Compared to mice subjected solely to I/R, GAS-pretreatedmice had a notably smaller heart infarct size and an elevation in cardiac function. In GAS-pretreated NRCs, WB data showed that autophagy was promoted (expression of p62 was inhibited and LC3II was increased). In addition, tandem fluorescent mRFP-GFP-LC3 assays illustrated that autophagosomes were degraded duo to an increase in autophagic flux. Co-administration of Cq blocked the autophagic flux. Furthermore, GAS pretreatment increased the mitochondrial membrane potential of NRCs with subjected to H/R and increased the cardiomyocyte survival rate. These protective effects were reversed with Cq. Besides, GAS-induced the enhaucement of autophagy may correlated with activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation and reduced Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) phosphorylation, which was abrogated by Compound C (Com C, AMPK-specific inhibitor). Our results establish that GASpretreatment attenuates myocardial I/R injury by increasing autophagic flux aimed at eliminating dysfunctional mitochondria, therefore protecting neighbouring mitochondria and cardiomyocytes.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.