Genipin Reverses high fat diet-induced liver damage. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Genipin Reverses HFD-Induced Liver Damage and Inhibits UCP2-Mediated Pyroptosis in Mice.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018 ;49(5):1885-1897. Epub 2018 Sep 20. PMID: 30235442
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Liver damage is a typical manifestation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It originates from excessive fat accumulation, leading to hepatocyte death, inflammation, and fibrosis. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a type of NAFLD with a prevalence of 49% in morbidly obese patients. Pyroptosis plays an important role in the development of NASH; thus, it is important to elucidate the effect of lipid accumulation on pyroptosis. Genipin (GNP), a natural water-soluble cross-linking agent, has hepatoprotective effects and decreases lipid accumulation in the liver; however, the mechanisms underlying these effects are unknown.
METHODS: In this study, qPCR and Western blot were used to examine pyroptotic gene expression in high-fat diet (HFD) induced obese mice and free fatty acids (FFAs) treated hepatocytes. At the same time, relative lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and Hoechst&propidium iodide (PI) staining were done to verify cell death. To explore the molecular mechanism, cell transfection were constructed with siRNA or plasmid to obtain knockdown or overexpression hepatocytes.
RESULTS: We found that HFD-fed mice and FFAs-treated hepatocytes had obvious pyroptosis, and addition of GNP reversed liver damage and inhibited pyroptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Besides, UCP2 knockdown cells showed suppressed FFAs-mediated pyroptosis, as determined by decreased pyroptotic gene expression, reduced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and reduced cell death. Consistent with this, cells transfected with UCP2 had upregulated pyroptotic gene expression, increased LDH release, and increased cell death.
CONCLUSION: GNP reverses HFD-induced liver damage and inhibits UCP2-mediated pyroptosis. Thus, GNP may serve as a potential therapeutic candidate for NAFLD.