Genistein attenuates brain damage induced by transient cerebral ischemia. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Genistein attenuates brain damage induced by transient cerebral ischemia through up-regulation of Nrf2 expression in ovariectomized rats.
Neurol Res. 2018 Apr 24:1-7. Epub 2018 Apr 24. PMID: 29688134
OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal women possess higher incidence of stroke and worse prognosis. Although estrogen replacement therapy has obvious neuroprotective effects against stroke, it is always accompanied with several adverse effects and undesired outcomes. Genistein, a natural phytoestrogen, has been indicated to be a potential neuroprotective alternative for postmenopausal women against stroke. However, the role and mechanism of genistein's neuroprotective effects against stroke in ovariectomized rats have rarely been explored.
METHODS: In this study, ovariectomized rats were treated with genistein (10 mg/kg) or vehicle daily for two weeks before they received middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion. After 72 hours of reperfusion, the neurological function was evaluated by Garcia test, infarct volume was detected by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining, and neuronal damage was detected by Nissl staining. In addition, ROS production and the expression of Nrf2, NQO1 and cleaved-Caspase3 in the ischemic penumbra were detected.
RESULTS: The results showed that genistein treatment significantly improved the neurological outcome, reduced infarct volume, increased Nrf2 and NQO1 expression, and reduced ROS production and cleaved-Caspase3 expression in ovariectomized rats.
DISCUSSION: Our findings indicated that treatment with genistein could alleviated oxidative stress injury induced by cerebral ischemia in ovariectomized rats via promoting Nrf2 and NQO1 expression, which provide a new molecular mechanism for the neuroprotective effects of genistein against stroke in postmenopausal women.