Genistein has vasodilator properties. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Genistein enhances relaxation of the spontaneously hypertensive rat aorta by transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor following binding to membrane estrogen receptors-α and activation of a G protein-coupled, endothelial nitric oxide synthase-dependent pathway.
Pharmacol Res. 2010 Nov 25. Epub 2010 Nov 25. PMID: 21111822
Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China.
Genistein, a phytoestrogen present in soybeans, has well established vasodilator properties. The present study examined the mechanisms involved in the rapid vascular effects of genistein. Endothelium-dependent relaxations and contractions, induced by acetylcholine and the calcium ionophore A23187, were obtained in isolated aortic rings from male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Acute exposure to genistein potentiated relaxations and reduced contractions induced by the two agonists. Both effects of genistein were not affected by transcription- and translation-inhibitors or by tyrosine kinase inhibition. The potentiation of acetylcholine and A23187-induced relaxation by genistein was inhibited by NF023 and GP antagonist-2A, selective G(i) and G(q)α-subunit antagonists, respectively, but not by NF449, a selective G(s) α-subunit antagonist. These G protein antagonists did not alter the inhibitory effect of genistein on acetylcholine and A23187-induced contractions. The potentiation of A23187-induced relaxations by genistein was not inhibitedby the conventional estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist, ICI 182,780, but inhibited by the specific ER-α antagonist, MPP, and by the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, AG1478. It was mimicked by heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF). Activation of EGFR and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was detected in genistein-treated rings using Western blotting. These data suggest that the rapid vascular actions of genistein are mediated by non-genomic pathways and are unrelated to its tyrosine kinase inhibitory properties. Furthermore, genistein transactivates EGFR through membrane ERα via G protein-coupled pathways. This in turn enhances eNOS phosphorylation and hence endothelial function in the aorta of the SHR.