Cardio-Protective Role of Gingerol along with Prominent Anti-Diabetic Cardiomyopathy Action in A Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes Mellitus Rat Model.
Cell J. 2017 Oct ;19(3):469-475. Epub 2017 Aug 19. PMID: 28836409
OBJECTIVES: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized as a coronary heart disease which expands during diabetes due to alterations in the myocardial function and structure. The currentstudy intends to elucidate the protective effect of gingerol on DCM in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM) rat model.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, the animals were divided into three groups: normal control, DM control, and DM+gingerol (10 mg/kg). The body weights of all rats were estimated at regular intervals. The myocardial profile, oxidative stress, and activities of metabolic enzymes were also scrutinized. The proinflammatory cytokine levels together with cellular protein expression connected with apoptosis were estimated via Western blot analysis.
RESULTS: The rats that suffered from DCM exhibited abnormal levels of myocardial markers, aberrant metabolic enzymatic activity, elevated concentrations of inflammatory factors, and enhanced oxidative stress parameters along with increased cell death apoptosis. Whereas gingerol showed protective effects on the treated rats by an improved antioxidant defense system.
CONCLUSIONS: The current findings suggested that gingerol is effective in the treatment of DCM by inhibition of inflammation and oxidative stress.