Ginkgo biloba inhibits angiogenesis in an experimental model of retinopathy of prematurity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Experimental retinopathy of prematurity: angiostatic inhibition by nimodipine, ginkgo-biloba, and dipyridamole, and response to different growth factors.
Eksp Klin Gastroenterol. 2011(2):37-43. PMID: 10744206
PURPOSE: To investigate whether commonly used vasodilating drugs ameliorate angiogenesis in experimental retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and to study the response of these drugs to different growth factors. METHODS: We used a rat and mouse model of oxygen-induced ischemic retinopathy. Animals were treated with nimodipine, gingko-biloba and dipyridamole intraperitoneally starting the day before exposure to room air (day 1). Controls were injected with vehicle solution only. Eyes were processed histopathologically with serial sections and neovascularization was measured by counting the nuclei within the retinal internal limiting membrane, by a masked observer. Retinal and vitreous tissues were assayed by ELISA for VEGF, PDGF and TGFbeta2. RESULTS: Nimodipine significantly inhibited the growth of new vessels in rats. The number of nuclei was 310 +/- 69 in the control group (n:14) and 121 +/- 53 in the treated ones (n:14), (p<0.0005). Similar results were found with ginkgo-biloba extracts: 344 +/- 53 (n:15) in controls, and 136 +/- 29 (n:11) in treated ones (p<0.0005), and with dipyridamole: 303 +/- 69 (n:13) in controls, and 131 +/- 48.5 in treated rats (p<0.0005). Results were similar in mice. 186 +/- 45 (n:7) nuclei counted in controls against 90 +/- 25 (n:6) for dipyridamole treated (p<0.0005); and 81 +/- 21 for ginkgo-biloba treated animals (p<0.0005). A gradual, very significant increase in VEGF values in response to relative hypoxia (room air) contrasted with the significant inhibition noted both with ginkgo-biloba extracts and dipyridamole. TGFbeta2 and PDGF both showed a gradual increase in relative hypoxia at days 2 and 4 of room air (p<0.0005). Treated animals showed marked inhibition of the three growth factors. CONCLUSIONS: All three drugs markedly inhibited angiogenesis in experimental ROP. Growth factors were elevated in hypoxic conditions. Treated animals showed significant decreases of PDGF, VEGF, and TGFbeta2 in retinal and vitreous tissues.