Ginsenoside improves papillary thyroid cancer cell malignancies. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ginsenoside improves papillary thyroid cancer cell malignancies partially through upregulating connexin 31.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2018 Jun ;34(6):313-320. Epub 2018 Jan 17. PMID: 29747774
Connexin 31 (Cx31) is considered a suppressor for many tumors. Ginsenoside (Rg1) is a traditional Chinese herb that is widely acknowledged due to its anti-tumor characteristics. However, limited studies have focused on the role of Rg1 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) cells. In the current study, we found that the expression of Cx31 in thyroid cancer tissues and thyroid cancer cell lines was significantly lower than that in normal thyroid epithelial tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of Cx31 reduced thyroid cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, we found that Rg1 significantly enhanced the expression of Cx31. Moreover, the proliferation and migration of IHH-4 and BCPAP cells were significantly reduced by Rg1 treatment. In contrast, the silencing of Cx31 enhanced the expression of Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Meanwhile, treatment with Rg1 significantly decreased the protein levels of Ki67 and PCNA, but these effects could be abolished by transfection with si-Cx31. In summary, we provide novel evidence that the expression of Cx31 was decreased in thyroid cancer cells, but Rg1 treatment could significantly enhance the expression of Cx31 thereby suppressing thyroid cancer cell proliferation and migration.