Ginsenoside Rb1 promotes intestinal epithelial wound healing through ERK and Rho signaling.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5. PMID: 30394577
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Daikenchuto, a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory effects against intestinal inflammation. However, whether daikenchuto has a therapeutic effect against intestinal mucosal injuries remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of daikenchuto on intestinal mucosal healing.
METHODS: Colitis was induced in male Wistar rats by using trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid. Daikenchuto (900 mg/kg/day) was administered for 7 days after the induction of colitis. Thereafter, intestinal mucosal injuries were evaluated by determining the colonic epithelial regeneration ratio ((area of epithelial regeneration/area of ulcer)× 100). Restoration of rat intestinal epithelial cells treated with daikenchuto and its constituent herbs (Zanthoxylum fruit, processed ginger, and ginseng) and ginsenoside Rb1, which is a ginseng ingredient, was evaluated using a wound-healing assay.
RESULTS: The colon epithelial regeneration ratio in the daikenchuto-treated rats was significantly higher than that in the control rats. Daikenchuto, ginseng, and ginsenoside Rb1 enhanced wound healing, and the ginsenoside Rb1-induced enhancement was inhibited by ERK and Rho inhibitors.
CONCLUSIONS: Daikenchuto and its constituent, ginsenoside Rb1, promoted wound healing. Because mucosal healing is one of the most important therapeutic targets in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, ginsenoside Rb1 may be a novel therapeutic agent against intestinal mucosal damage such as that occurring in intestinal bowel disease.