Ginsenoside Rb1 promotes motor functional recovery and axonal regeneration in post-stroke. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ginsenoside Rb1 Promotes Motor Functional Recovery and Axonal Regeneration in Post-stroke Mice through cAMP/PKA/CREB Signaling Pathway.
Brain Res Bull. 2020 Jan ;154:51-60. Epub 2019 Nov 9. PMID: 31715311
The central nervous system (CNS) has a poor self-repairing capability after injury because of the inhibition of axonal regeneration by many myelin-associated inhibitory factors. Therefore, ischemic stroke usually leads to disability. Previous studies reported that Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) plays a role in neuronal protection in acute phase after ischemic stroke, but its efficacy in post-stroke and the underlying mechanism are not clear. Recent evidences demonstrated GRb1 promotes neurotransmitter release through the cAMP-depend protein kinase A (PKA) pathway, which is related to axonal regeneration. The present study aimed to determine whether GRb1 improves long-term motor functional recovery and promotes cortical axon regeneration in post-stroke. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO). GRb1 solution (5 mg/ml) or equal volume of normal saline was injected intraperitoneally for the first time at 24 h after surgery, and then daily injected until day 14. Day 3, 7, 14 and 28 after dMCAO were used as observation time points. Motor functional recovery was assessed with Rota-rod test and grid walkingtask. The expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) was measured to evaluate axonal regeneration. The levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP) and PKA were measured by Elisa, PKAc and phosphorylated cAMP response element protein (pCREB) were determined by western blot. Our results shown that GRb1 treatment improved motor function and increased the expression of GAP43 and BDA in ipsilesional and contralateral cortex. GRb1 significantly elevated cAMP and PKA, increased the protein expression of PKAc and pCREB. However, the effects of GRb1 were eliminated by H89intervention (a PKA inhibitor). These results suggested that GRb1 improved functional recovery in post-stroke by stimulating axonal regeneration and brain repair. The underlying mechanism might be up-regulating the expression of cAMP/PKA/CREB pathway.