Ginsenoside-Rg1 acts as an IDO1 inhibitor and protects against liver fibrosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ginsenoside-Rg1 acts as an IDO1 inhibitor, protects against liver fibrosis via alleviating IDO1-mediated the inhibition of DCs maturation.
Phytomedicine. 2021 Feb 20 ;84:153524. Epub 2021 Feb 20. PMID: 33667840
BACKGROUND: Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) has been reported as a hallmark of hepatic fibrosis. Ginseng Rg1(G-Rg1) is a characterized bioactive component isolated from a traditional Chinese medicinal herb Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (Ginseng) that used in China widely. However, the anti-hepatic fibrosis property of G-Rg1 and the underlying mechanisms of action are poorly reported.
PURPOSE: Here, we researched the effect of G-Rg1 on experimental liver fibrosis in vivo and in vitro.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We applied a CCL4-induced liver fibrosis in mice (wild-type and those overexpressing IDO1 by in vivo AAV9 vector) and HSC-T6 cells to detect the anti-hepatic fibrosis effect of G-Rg1 in vivo and in vitro.
RESULTS: We found that G-Rg1 reduced serum levels of AST and ALT markedly. Histologic examination indicated that G-Rg1 dramatically improved the extent of liver fibrosis and suppressed the hepatic levels of fibrotic markerα-SMA in vivo and in vitro. The proliferation of HSC-T6 was significantly inhibited by G-Rg1 in vitro. Both TUNEL staining and flow cytometry demonstrated that G-Rg1 attenuated the levels of hepatocyte apoptosis in fibrotic mice. Additionally, G-Rg1 up-regulated the maturation of hepatic DCs via reducing the expression level of hepatic IDO1, which played an inverse role in the maturation of DCs. Furthermore, oral administration of G-Rg1 ameliorated IDO1 overexpression-induced worsen liver fibrosis as well as IDO1 overexpression-mediated more apparent inhibition of maturation of DCs.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that G-Rg1, which exerts its antifibrotic properties via alleviating IDO1-mediated the inhibition of DCs maturation, may be a potential therapeutic drug in treating liver fibrosis.