Ginsenoside Rg1 protects against cigarette smoke-induced airway remodeling. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ginsenoside Rg1 protects against cigarette smoke-induced airway remodeling by suppressing the TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway.
Am J Transl Res. 2020 ;12(2):493-506. Epub 2020 Feb 15. PMID: 32194898
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a devastating and common respiratory disease characterized by chronic inflammation and progressive airway remodeling. Ginsenoside Rg1 (GRg1), a major active component of, has been found to possess beneficial properties against acute lung injury and respiratory diseases. However, the effects of GRg1 on airway remodeling in COPD remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential protective effects of GRg1 on airway remodeling induced by cigarette smoke (CS) and the underlying mechanism. A rat model of COPD was established in which the animals were subjected to CS and GRg1 daily for 12 weeks. Subsequently, we evaluated lung function, inflammatory responses, along with airway remodeling and associated signaling factors. GRg1 treatment was found to improve pulmonary function, reduce airway collagen volume fraction, and markedly reduce the expression of IL-6, TNF-α, α-SMA, and collagen I. Moreover, GRg1 treatment decreased the expression of TGF-β1, TGF-βR1, and phosphorylated-Smad3., pretreatment of MRC5 human lung fibroblasts with GRg1 prior to exposure to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) reversed the cell ultrastructure disorder, decreased the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α, and significantly attenuated transdifferentiation of MRC5 cells by suppressing α-SMA and collagen I expression. Additionally, GRg1 suppressed the TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway in CSE-stimulated MRC5 cells, whereas Smad3 over-expression abolished the anti-transdifferentiation effect of GRg1. In conclusion, the results of our study demonstrated that GRg1 improves lung function and protects against CS-induced airway remodeling, in part by down-regulating the TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway.