Ginsenoside Rg3 attenuates sepsis-induced injury and mitochondrial dysfunction in liver. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ginsenoside Rg3 attenuates sepsis-induced injury and mitochondrial dysfunction in liver via AMPK-mediated autophagy flux.
Biosci Rep. 2017 Aug 31 ;37(4). Epub 2017 Aug 30. PMID: 28779013
Sepsis-led mitochondrial dysfunction has become a critical pathophysiological procedure in sepsis. Since ginsenosides have been applied in the treatment of mitochondrial dysfunction, ginsenoside Rg3 was employed to study its effects on the mitochondrial dysfunction induced by sepsis. The apoptosis rate, oxygen consumption rate (OCR), reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidant glutathione (GSH) pools, and mitochondrial transmembrane potential (MTP) were determined in LPS-induced sepsis hepatocytes treated with different concentrations of Rg3. Then, the protein expression levels of mitochondrial biogenesis related transcription factors, autophagy-related proteins, and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signal pathway related proteins were determined by Western blotting in bothandsepsis models. Rg3 shows functions of promotion of OCR, attenuation of ROS, and maintenance of GSH pools, and its conjugating activity in thesepsis models. Rg3-treated cells were observed to have a higher MTP value compared with the LPS only induced cells. Moreover, Rg3 treatment can inhibit mitochondrial dysfunction via increasing the protein expression levels of mitochondrial biogenesis related transcription factors. Rg3 treatment has the function of inhibitor of apoptosis of human primary hepatocytes, and Rg3 can up-regulate the autophagy-related proteins and activate AMPK signal pathway in sepsis models. Meanwhile, the mitochondrial protective function exerted by Rg3 decreased after the autophagy inhibitors or AMPK inhibitor treatment in LPS-induced human primary hepatocytes. Rg3 can improve mitochondrial dysfunction by regulating autophagy in mitochondria via activating the AMPK signal pathway, thus protecting cell and organ injuries caused by sepsis.