Ginsenoside Rg3 prevents INS-1 cell death from intermittent high glucose stress.
Islets. 2016 04 18 ;8(3):57-64. PMID: 27246809
You Jeong Kim
BACKGROUND: Ginsenoside Rg3 has been proposed to mediate anti-diabetic effects, but their direct effect on pancreaticβ cell viability and mechanisms are not clearly understood. Recent studies suggest that intermittent high glucose (IHG) could be more harmful to pancreatic β cells than sustained high glucose. There are few reports about the effect of the ginsenosideRg3 to β cell apoptosis and proliferation against IHG.
METHODS: INS-1 cells were treated with alternative glucose concentration with or without ginsenoside Rg3. Cell apoptosis and viability were detected by Annexin V staining and MTT assay. The activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was analyzed by Western blotting using specific antibodies. Quantification of secreted insulin protein was measured using rat/mouse Insulin ELISA kits. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) staining and florescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis was performed to compare cell proliferation.
RESULT: INS-1 cell viability was decreased under IHG and increased with Rg3 treatment.Rg3 significantly reduced the apoptotic INS-1 cells against IHG. The quantification of secreted insulin concentration was increased with Rg3. Rg3 increased INS-1 cell proliferation. ERK and p38 MAPK pathways reduced by IHG were activated by the ginsenoside Rg3.
CONCLUSION: Ginsenoside Rg3 protected INS-1 cell death from IHG with reducing apoptosis and increasing proliferation.