Ginsenosides from Korean red ginseng modulate T cell function via the regulation of NF-AT-mediated IL-2 production.
Food Sci Biotechnol. 2019 Feb ;28(1):237-242. Epub 2018 Jul 11. PMID: 30815315
Le Ba Vinh
Korean red ginseng is a traditional health food frequently used to prevent or treat various diseases worldwide. In this study, we evaluated the immunomodulatory activities of eleven compounds () isolated from Korean red ginseng, focusing on T cell function. First, the effects of the eleven compounds were studied on the regulation of IL-2, a potent T cell growth factor. Compounds,, andsignificantly increased IL-2 secretion in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)/ionomycin (Io)-induced EL-4 T cells. Next, we examined the effects of compounds,, andon the regulation of transcription factors related to IL-2 production in T cells. Compoundsignificantly increased the PMA/Io-induced promoter activity of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NF-AT) in EL-4 T cells, but did not have any significant effects on the promoters of NF-κB. These results suggest that compoundactivates T cell function via the regulation of NF-AT-mediated IL-2 production.