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Abstract Title:

Study on the Effect of Ginsenosides Rb on Blood of Tumor Mice.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Res Int. 2019 ;2019:5476076. Epub 2019 Aug 18. PMID: 31531357

Abstract Author(s):

Mengmeng Zheng, Wenxiu Zheng, Wei Wang, Hong Guo, Hui Cao, Xiaowei Cui, Shanshan Wang, Chunchao Han

Article Affiliation:

Mengmeng Zheng

Abstract:

Objective: The blood of cancer patients is in a state of hypercoagulability, easily leading to thrombosis. Anemia is also a complication of tumors. Anemia and thrombosis affect the treatment of tumor patients.

Methods: Ginsenosides Rb were extracted from the stems and leaves of American ginseng using water-saturated ethanol and ethyl acetate in silica gel column. Tumor mice model was established by injecting Hhepatocellular carcinoma cells into the axilla of mice. Mice were randomly divided into 6 groups: normal control group, model control group, positive control group, low dose group (7 mg/kg), middle dose group (14 mg/kg), and high dose group (35 mg/kg). After 18 days, the blood was obtained by picking the eyeball of mice. The levels of red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), neutrophils/lymphocytes radio (NLR), platelets (PLT), platelet distribution width (PDW), fibrinogen (FIB), and D-Dimer (D-D) were measured and compared in each group of mice.

Results: The content of obtained ginsenosides Rb reached 90.05%. This extraction process was simple and reliable. Middle dose of ginsenosides Rb could significantly increase RBC and HGB levels (P<0.05). Moreover, ginsenosides Rb could significantly reduce NLR, PLT, PDW, FIB, and D-D (P<0.01).

Conclusion: ginsenosides Rb could significantly improve anaemia and hypercoagulation of blood in cancer mice. Ginsenosides Rb are a potential anticoagulant and antianemia drug in treating cancer.

Study Type : Animal Study

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