Glabridin attenuates paracetamol-induced liver injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Glabridin attenuates paracetamol-induced liver injury in mice via CYP2E1-mediated inhibition of oxidative stress.
Drug Chem Toxicol. 2021 Jul 7:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 7. PMID: 34233566
CYP2E1 plays a crucial role in the bio-activation of toxic substances leading to liver damage. In this context, CYP2E1 converts paracetamol (PCM) to N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI), which is prone to cause hepatotoxicity. Hence, we aimed to explore the protective effect of glabridin on widely used PCM-induced liver injury model in the present study and, after that, correlated with the role of CYP2E1 toward its efficacy. Glabridin was isolated fromand characterized before the investigation in anmice model of PCM-induced liver injury. Glabridin after oral treatment at 5-20 mg/kg showed a considerable improvement in serum biochemical parameters (ALT and AST) and oxidative stress markers (MDA, GSH, SOD, and catalase) in comparison to only PCM-treatment. Histopathological examination of the liver depicted that glabridin exhibited substantial protection from PCM-induced liver injury compared to the disease control group. Significant down-regulation of CYP2E1 protein and its mRNA expression levels were observed in the glabridin-treated groups compared to PCM-induced respective elevation of CYP2E1. Moreover, activation of NF-κB was significantly inhibited by glabridin. Therefore, glabridin has the potential to protect PCM-induced liver injury through CYP2E1 inhibition-mediated normalization of oxidative stress. Further research is warranted to establish glabridin as a phytotherapeutics for liver protection for which no effective and safe oral drug is available to date.