Glycosides of Caulis Lonicerae inhibits the inflammatory proliferation of IL-1β-mediated fibroblast-like synovial cells cocultured with lymphocytes.
Phytother Res. 2021 Jan 23. Epub 2021 Jan 23. PMID: 33484196
Caulis Lonicerae, the dried stem of Lonicera japonica, has been confirmed to have antiinflammatory and antioxidant therapeutic effects. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the functional mechanism of glycosides extracted from Caulis Lonicerae on the inflammatory proliferation of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)-mediated fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from rats. Rat FLSs (RSC-364) co-cultured with lymphocytes induced by IL-1β were used as a cell model. Glycosides in a freeze-dried powder of aqueous extract from Caulis Lonicerae were identified using high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/mass spectrometry. After treatment with glycosides, the inflammatory proliferation of FLS, induced by IL-1β, decreased significantly. Flow cytometry analysis showed that treatment with glycosides restored the abnormal balance of T cells by intervening in the proliferation and differentiation of helper T (Th) cells. Glycosides also inhibited the activation of Janus kinase signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathways by suppressing the protein expression of key molecules in these pathways. Therefore, we concluded thatthe glycosides of Caulis Lonicerae can intervene in the differentiation of Th cells, suppressing the activation of JAK-STAT and NF-κB signaling pathways, contributing to the inhibitory effect on inflammatory proliferation of FLS co-cultured with lymphocytes induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines.