Goji polysaccharide attenuates diabetic testicular dysfunction. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Lycium barbarum polysaccharide attenuates diabetic testicular dysfunction via inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway-mediated abnormal autophagy in male mice.
Cell Tissue Res. 2018 Aug 2. Epub 2018 Aug 2. PMID: 30073544
Testicular dysfunction is one of the serious secondary complications in diabetes. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) has long been considered to possess a wide range of beneficial properties including antiaging, anticancer and reproductive-enhancing. Abnormal autophagy was reported to play a significant role in accelerating diabetic reproductive injury. However, the autophagy regulation mechanism of LBP on diabetic testicular dysfunction is incompletely understood. We investigate the protective effects of LBP on diabetic testicular dysfunction and its underlying mechanism with different approaches. Protective effects of LBP (40 mg/kg) on testicular functions were assessed through the use of sperm parameters, testosterone levels and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Antioxidant capacity and serum malondialdehyde levels were determined using assay kits. Immune intensity of Beclin-1 and LC3I in testes was detected by immunofluorescence staining. Western blot analysis was used to detect expressions of p-PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, Beclin-1, LC3I and LC3II proteins. Q-PCR was used to evaluate Beclin-1 and LC3I mRNA expressions in testis. Administration of LBP (40 mg/kg) considerably recovered testicular function, obviously improved testicular histopathologic structure and significantly increased antioxidant enzyme activities. Immunofluorescence staining showed that immune intensity of Beclin-1 and LC3I significantly decreased in the LBP 40 mg/kg group. The results of Q-PCR and western blot analysis showed that LBP 40 mg/kgsignificantly downregulated Beclin-1 and LC3I protein expressions upregulated p-PI3K and p-Akt protein expressions and decreased Beclin-1 and LC3I mRNA expressions compared with diabetic mice. In conclusion, inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway-mediated testicular excessive autophagy may be a target forprotective effects of LBP on diabetic testicular dysfunction.