n/a
Abstract Title:

Grape-derived polyphenols produce antidepressant effects via VGF- and BDNF-dependent mechanisms.

Abstract Source:

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2019 May 10. Epub 2019 May 10. PMID: 31074515

Abstract Author(s):

Cheng Jiang, Emmy Sakakibara, Wei-Jye Lin, Jun Wang, Giulio M Pasinetti, Stephen R Salton

Article Affiliation:

Cheng Jiang

Abstract:

Recent studies suggest that bioactive dietary polyphenol preparation (BDPP) and individual polyphenolic compounds ameliorate stress-induced depression-like behaviors, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are incompletely understood. VGF (non-acronymic) in the dorsal hippocampus (dHc) has been shown to play a role in depression-like behaviors and antidepressant efficacy, and the VGF-derived peptide TLQP-62 (named by the N-terminal 4 amino acids and length) infused into dHc has been shown to have antidepressant efficacy that is BDNF-TrkB dependent. Here, we investigated whether BDPP influences VGF expression in the dHc, and whether dHc VGF is required for BDPP antidepressant efficacy. We found that BDPP produced antidepressant-like effects in naive mice and reversed the depression-like behaviors induced by chronic variable stress. In addition, we found that BDPP had no detectable antidepressant efficacy in floxed mice with prior knockdown in the dHc of either VGF or BDNF, achieved by adeno-associated virus-Cre infusion. Our data indicate that dHc VGF and BDNF expression are required for the antidepressant actions of BDPP, and therefore suggest that a VGF(TLQP-62)-BDNF-TrkB autoregulatory feedback loop could play a role in the regulation of BDPP antidepressant efficacy, much as it has been suggested to function in the antidepressant efficacies of ketamine and TLQP-62.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.