Grapefruit essential oils inhibit quorum sensing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Grapefruit essential oils inhibit quorum sensing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Food Sci Technol Int. 2019 Nov 5:1082013219883465. Epub 2019 Nov 5. PMID: 31684768
María C Luciardi
Citrus essential oils are used in food to confer flavor and aromas. The citrus essential oils have been granted as GRAS and could be used as antimicrobial additives to control bacterial quorum sensing from potential food bacterial pathogens. The chemical composition and inhibitory activity of(grapefruit) essential oils obtained by cold-pressed method (EOP) and cold-pressed method followed by steam distillation, againstwere determinedThe GC-MS analyses of the oil indicated the amount of the essential oil components was highest with D-limonene in both cases. However, the extraction method modified the chemical composition. EOP had higher amount of coumarins and flavonoid as well as less oxygenated terpenoids. At 0.1 mg/mL essential oils were not able to modify the bacterial development but inhibited thebiofilm production between 52% and 55%, sessile viability between 45% and 48%, autoinducer production and elastase activity between 30% and 56%. Limonene was less effective at inhibiting P. aeruginosa than the essential oils, suggesting a synergistic effect of the minor components. According to our results, grapefruit essential oils could be used as a food preservative to controlvirulence.