Abstract Title:

Sensitization to docetaxel in prostate cancer cells by green tea and quercetin.

Abstract Source:

J Nutr Biochem. 2015 Apr ;26(4):408-15. Epub 2015 Jan 15. PMID: 25655047

Abstract Author(s):

Piwen Wang, Susanne M Henning, David Heber, Jaydutt V Vadgama

Article Affiliation:

Piwen Wang


Chemotherapy with docetaxel (Doc) is a standard treatment for metastatic and castration-resistant prostate cancer. However, chemoresistance and side effects of Doc limit its clinical success. We investigated whether natural products green tea (GT) and quercetin (Q), a flavonoid from apples and onions, will enhance the efficacy of Doc in androgen-independent (AI) prostate cancer cells. Two cell lines including LAPC-4-AI and PC-3 were treated in vitro with 40μM of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), 5 μM of Q, 2 or 5 nM of Doc alone or in combination. The mixture of EGCG+Q+Doc increased the antiproliferative effect by threefold in LAPC-4-AI cells and eightfold in PC-3 cells compared to Doc alone. EGCG, Q and Doc in combination significantly enhancedcell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and increased apoptosis in both LAPC-4-AI and PC-3 cells compared to Doc alone. The mixture increased the inhibition of PI3K/Akt and the signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) 3 signaling pathways compared to Doc alone, and decreased the protein expression of multidrug resistance-related protein. In addition, the combination with EGCG and Q increased the inhibition of tumor cell invasion and colony formation in both LAPC-4-AI and PC-3 cells compared to Doc alone, and decreased the percentage of CD44(+)/CD24(-) stem-like LAPC-4-AI cells. In summary, GT and Q enhanced the therapeutic effect of Doc in castration-resistant prostate cancer cells through multiple mechanisms including the down-regulation of chemoresistance-related proteins. This study provides a novel therapeutic modality to enhance the efficacy of Doc in a nontoxic manner.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.