Green tea catechin can reverse hypoxia/reperfusion injuries. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Green Tea Catechin Prevents Hypoxia/Reperfusion-Evoked Oxidative Stress-Regulated Autophagy-Activated Apoptosis and Cell Death in Microglial Cells.
J Agric Food Chem. 2016 May 10. Epub 2016 May 10. PMID: 27144449
Defective activation and proliferation in microglial cells has been suggested to be associated with the increase of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. We investigated the protection and molecular mechanism of green tea catechin on hypoxia/reperfusion-induced microglial cell injury in vitro. Microglial cells were cultured in hypoxia condition (O2<1%) and then re-incubated to the complete normal culture medium (reperfusion). Hypoxia/reperfusion obviously decreased cell viability and induced apoptosis in microglial cells, but not in neuronal cells. Catechin significantly inhibited the hypoxia/reperfusion-induced decreased cell viability and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis in microglia. The administration of both PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY294002 and mTOR inhibitor rapamycin demonstrated that Akt/mTOR-regulated autophagy was involved in the hypoxia/reperfusion-induced microglia apoptosis/death. Catechin up-regulated the Akt and mTOR phosphorylation and inhibited the hypoxia/reperfusion-induced autophagy in microglia. These results suggest that hypoxia/reperfusion can evoke autophagy-activated microglia apoptosis/death via an ROS-regulated Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, which can be reversed by catechin.