Green tea polyphenol inhibits Mycobacterium tuberculosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Green tea polyphenol inhibits Mycobacterium tuberculosis survival within human macrophages.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2006;38(4):600-9. PMID: 16352457
Lack of maturation of phagosomes containing pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis within macrophages has been widely recognized as a crucial factor for the persistence of mycobacterial pathogen. Host molecule tryptophan-aspartate containing coat protein (TACO) has been shown to play a crucial role in the arrest of such a maturation process. The present study was addressed to understand whether or not polyphenols derived from green tea could down-regulate TACO gene transcription. And if yes, what impact TACO gene down-regulation has on the uptake/survival of M. tuberculosis within macrophages. The reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and reporter assay technology, employed in this study, revealed that the major component of green tea polyphenols, epigallocatechin-3-gallate had the inherent capacity to down-regulate TACO gene transcription within human macrophages through its ability to inhibit Sp1 transcription factor. We also found out that TACO gene promoter does contain Sp1 binding sequence using bioinformatics tools. The down-regulation of TACO gene expression by epigallocatechin-3-gallate was accompanied by inhibition of mycobacterium survival within macrophages as assessed through flow cytometry and colony counts. Based on these results, we propose that epigallocatechin-3-gallate may be of importance in the prevention of tuberculosis infection.