n/a
Abstract Title:

GSPE alleviates renal fibrosis by inhibiting the activation of C3/ HMGB1/ TGF-β1 pathway.

Abstract Source:

Chem Biol Interact. 2019 Dec 21:108926. Epub 2019 Dec 21. PMID: 31874164

Abstract Author(s):

Kun Wang, Haotian Wei, Juan Zhan, Xinjun Liang, Chunxiu Zhang, Yanyan Liu, Gang Xu

Article Affiliation:

Kun Wang

Abstract:

Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) has been reported to exhibit a variety of protective effects, such as antioxidant, anti-atherosclerosis and other pharmacological effects. As a member of the complement system, complement component 3 (C3) deposition in the glomerulus is recognized as an important causative mediator of various kidney diseases. In this study, we aimed to identify the effect of GSPE on C3 in the chronic kidney fibrosis and evaluate the possible mechanism. We observed that administration of GSPE relieves inflammation and chronic renal fibrosis in mouse models of UUO. GSPE inhibited C3 secreted by macrophages to relieve renal interstitial inflammation. In vitro, we found that C3 stimulated HMGB1 translocation form nucleus to cytoplasm and promote the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TGF-β1 in primary renal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC), which could be inhibited by GSPE. Meanwhile, GSPE could also decreased HMGB1-induced EMT of PTEC through suppresses the HMGB1/TLR4/p65/TGF-β pathway. In addition, the myofibroblast activation was inhibited by GSPE via TGF-β1/Smad2/3 signaling pathways in normal rat kidney fibroblast (NRK-49F) cells. Overall, these observations provide that GSPE alleviates renal fibrosis by inhibiting the C3/HMGB1/TGF-β1 pathway and could thus lead to find the potential therapy for the suppression of renal fibrosis.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.