Protective effect of grape seed and skin extract against diabetes-induced oxidative stress and renal dysfunction in virgin and pregnant rat.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2016 Jul 23 ;83:584-592. Epub 2016 Jul 23. PMID: 27459114
The present work deal with the effect of alloxan-induced diabetes on kidney oxidative stress and dysfunction of virgin and pregnant rat as well as the protection that may be afforded by high dosage GSSE (4g/kg) treatment. Diabetes affected negatively several kidney function parameters as creatinemia, uremia, uricemia and proteinuria without affecting kidney index. Diabetes also induced an oxidative stress characterized by increased lipid and protein oxidation, a drop in antioxidant enzyme defenses as catalase, superoxide-dismutase, glutathione-peroxidase, an alteration in transition metals as free iron, copper, selenium and associated enzymes and an increase in calpain and acetyl-cholinesterase activities. Tremendously, GSSE treatment protected efficiently against all the deleterious effects of diabetes-induced kidney dysfunction in both virgin and pregnant animals. High dosage GSSE is a safe and potent anti-oxidant that may be further tested in clinical trials for the long-term preservation of kidney function especially in multiple pregnancies.