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Abstract Title:

Gypenosides reverses depressive behavior via inhibiting hippocampal neuroinflammation.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Oct ;106:1153-1160. Epub 2018 Jul 18. PMID: 30119182

Abstract Author(s):

Shu-Qi Dong, Qiu-Ping Zhang, Ji-Xiao Zhu, Min Chen, Cheng-Fu Li, Qing Liu, Di Geng, Li-Tao Yi

Article Affiliation:

Shu-Qi Dong

Abstract:

Gypenosides, a saponins extract isolated from the Gynostemma pentaphyllum plant, produces neuroprotective effects in the brain. Our previous studies have shown that hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-TrkB signaling was involved in the antidepressant-like effects of gypenosides. It remains unknown whether gypenosides could alleviate neuroinflammation in depressive-like animals. The aim of the present study was to address this issue in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). Gypenosides was administrated for four weeks, followed by sucrose preference test and tail suspension test, which were performed to evaluate the effects of gypenosides. The results showed that gypenosides reversed both the decreased sucrose preference and increased immobility time in CUMS mice. In addition, gypenosides also attenuated the increase of pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in the hippocampus of CUMS animals. Furthermore, the activation of NF-κB, as well as its upstream mediators IKKα and IKKβ were inhibited by gypenosides. Last but not the least, CUMS promoted the activation of microglia, while gypenosides suppressed it according to the reduced number of iba1 positive cells. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that gypenosides exhibits the antidepressant-like effects in mice, which may be mediated by the inhibition of microglia and NF-κB signaling in the hippocampus.

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