Hepatoprotective benefits of vitamin C against perfluorooctane sulfonate-induced liver damage in mice through suppressing inflammatory reaction and ER stress.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2018 Dec 5 ;65:60-65. Epub 2018 Dec 5. PMID: 30551094
Our previous studies show that vitamin C (VC) plays promising hepatoprotection in mice. Intrahepatic exposure of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) can induce dose-dependent cytotoxicity. However, pharmacology-based assessment of VC on PFOS remains uninvestigated. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic benefits of VC on inhibiting PFOS-induced liver steatosis in mice, followed by representative biochemical analysis and immunoassay. As results, VC was beneficial for reduced PFOS-induced liver damages, as showed in reductions of serological levels of transaminases (ALT and AST), lipids (TG and TC), fasting glucose and insulin, inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL6), while content of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) in serum was increased. In addition, VC reduced histiocytic changes of PFOS-lesioned livers, as revealed in reduced TNF-α-labeled cells and increased FGF21-labeled cells in immunofluorescence assay. Further, intrahepatic expressionsof endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-based ATF6, eIF2α, GRP78, XBP1 proteins were down-regulated by treatments of VC. Taken together, our preliminary findings set forth that VC exerts pharmacological benefits against PFOS-induced liver steatosis in mice, and the underlying biological mechanism maybe linked to suppressing hepatocellular inflammatory reaction and ER stress.