The hepatoprotective effect of lycopene on Con A-induced liver injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The hepatoprotective effect of lycopene on Con A-induced liver injury in mice.
Pharmazie. 2018 07 1 ;73(7):393-395. PMID: 30001773
Lycopene, the main fat-soluble pigment responsible for the red color of ripe tomatoes, is a symmetrical tetraterpene comprising eight isoprene units. In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that lycopene acts as a potent antioxidant; it is 100 times more effective than vitamin E and 125 times more effective than glutathione as an antioxidant. Here, we divided BALB/c male mice into three equal groups: control, Concanavalin A (Con A), and Con A and lycopene. The control group mice received only vehicle by intraperitoneal injection, the Con A group mice were given Con A, and the Con A and lycopene group mice received Con A and lycopene. The results showed that Con A administration increased histopathological damage, and the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), interleukin (IL)-6, interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were increased in serum samples whereas the levels of these compounds were significantly decreased in the Con A and lycopene group compared to the Con A group. Furthermore, we observed that lycopene led to an increase in cell viability and cell growth. The results of this study revealed that lycopene might be a useful hepatoprotective agent for reducing increased proinflammatory cytokine levels, and for increasing cell viability and cell growth.