Hesperidin may be a potential agent for the treatment of osteoarthritis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Hesperidin protects against IL-1β-induced inflammation in human osteoarthritis chondrocytes.
Exp Ther Med. 2018 Oct ;16(4):3721-3727. Epub 2018 Aug 20. PMID: 30233731
Hesperidin is a vitamin P flavonoid compound primarily present in citrus fruits, which possesses an anti-inflammatory effect. The functional role of hesperidin in interleukin (IL)-1β-stimulated human osteoarthritis (OA) chondrocytes is still unknown. In the present study, anti-inflammatory effects of hesperidin in IL-1β-stimulated chondrocytes were investigated. The results demonstrated that hesperidin treatment markedly decreased nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 productionand markedly downregulated inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 expression in IL-1β-stimulated OA chondrocytes. In addition, hesperidin markedly reduced IL-1β-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-13 expression in human OA chondrocytes. Furthermore, hesperidin markedlydecreased the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB in human OA chondrocytes. In conclusion, it was revealed for the first time that hesperidin inhibited inflammatory responses in IL-1β-stimulated human chondrocytes, potentially through inhibiting the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway. These data suggest that hesperidin may be a potential agent for the treatment of OA.