Highly Acylated Anthocyanins from Purple Sweet Potato ( Ipomoea batatas L.) Alleviate Hyperuricemia and Kidney Inflammation in Hyperuricemic Mice: Possible Attenuation Effects on Allopurinol.
J Agric Food Chem. 2019 Jun 5 ;67(22):6202-6211. Epub 2019 May 28. PMID: 31091873
Allopurinol is the first-line medication for hyperuricemia treatment. However, severe drug-related adverse effects have often been reported among patients who received allopurinol administration. This study is aimed at evaluating the possible attenuation effects of highly acylated anthocyanins from purple sweet potato (HAA-PSP) on hyperuricemia and kidney inflammation in hyperuricemic mice treated with allopurinol. In comparison with 5 mg kgallopurinol used alone, the combination of 25 mg kgHAA-PSP and 2.5 mg kgallopurinol could not only reduce serum uric acid level in hyperuricemic mice but also attenuate the kidney damage, as indicated by the level of serum biomarkers as well as histopathological examination. The inflammatory response was partially mitigated by inhibiting the protein expression of typical cytokines in the kidney. Our findings provide new evidence for the supplementary therapeutic potential of HAA-PSP with allopurinol on hyperuricemia and inflammation-related syndromes. Moreover, this study provides a theoretical basis for assessing the potential of anthocyanin-rich foods in health.