Highly bioavailable berberine formulation ameliorates diabetic nephropathy. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Highly bioavailable berberine formulation ameliorates diabetic nephropathy through the inhibition of glomerular mesangial matrix expansion and the activation of autophagy.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2020 Jan 27 ;873:172955. Epub 2020 Jan 27. PMID: 32001218
Glomerular mesangial matrix expansion and cell autophagy are the most important factors in the development of kidney damage under diabetic conditions. The activation of AMPK might be an important treatment target for diabetic nephropathy. Berberine has multiple effects on all types of diabetic complications as an activator of AMPK. However, the poor bioavailability of berberine limits its clinical applications. Huang-Gui Solid Dispersion (HGSD), a new formulation of berberine developed in our lab, has 4-fold greater bioavailability than berberine. However, its therapeutic application and mechanism still need to be explored. In the present study, the effect of HGSD on kidney function in type 2 diabetic rats and db/db mice was investigated. The results demonstrated that HGSD improved kidney function in these two animal models, decreased the glomerular volume and increased autophagy. Meanwhile, AMPK phosphorylation levels and autophagy-related protein expression were significantly increased, and extracellular matrix protein deposition-related protein expression was decreased after treatment. The present study indicated that HGSD protected against diabetic kidney dysfunction by inhibiting glomerular mesangial matrix expansion and activating autophagy. The mechanism of HGSD in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy might be connected to the activation of AMPK phosphorylation.