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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Honokiol, a Polyphenol Natural Compound, Attenuates Cisplatin-Induced Acute Cytotoxicity in Renal Epithelial Cells Through Cellular Oxidative Stress and Cytoskeleton Modulations.

Abstract Source:

Front Pharmacol. 2018 ;9:357. Epub 2018 Apr 24. PMID: 29755347

Abstract Author(s):

Tse-En J Wang, Hung-Ting Liu, Yu-Hua Lai, Tong-Rong Jan, Naohiro Nomura, Hui-Wen Chang, Chi-Chung Chou, Ya-Jane Lee, Pei-Shiue J Tsai

Article Affiliation:

Tse-En J Wang

Abstract:

Cisplatin is a potent anti-cancer drug that has been widely used in the treatment of various cancers; however, cisplatin administration results in severe nephrotoxicity and impedes its clinical applications. In this study, we showed that honokiol, a polyphenol constituent extracted fromexhibited a short-term protective effect against cisplatin-induced damages in renal epithelial cells. The protective effects of honokiol were resulted from the combination of (1) reduced cellular oxidative stress ranging from 53 to 32% reduction during a 24-h incubation, (2) the maintenance of cellular antioxidant capacity and (3) the stabilization of cytoskeletal structure of the kidney epithelial cells. By promoting the polymerization of actin (1.6-fold increase) and tubulin (1.8-fold increase) cytoskeleton, honokiol not only maintained epithelial cell morphology, but also stabilized cellular localizations of tight junction protein Occludin and adhesion junction protein E-Cadherin. With stabilized junction protein complexes and structural polymerized cytoskeleton network, honokiol preserved epithelial cell polarity and morphology and thus reduced cisplatin-induced cell disruption and damages. Our data demonstrated for the first time that honokiol could counteract with cisplatin-induced damages in renal epithelial cells, futurestudies would further validate the potential clinical application of honokiol in cisplatin-based cancer treatments with reduced nephrotoxicity.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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