Honokiol induces ferroptosis in colon cancer cells by regulating GPX4 activity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Honokiol induces ferroptosis in colon cancer cells by regulating GPX4 activity.
Am J Cancer Res. 2021 ;11(6):3039-3054. Epub 2021 Jun 15. PMID: 34249443
Colon cancer (CC) is a prevalent malignancy worldwide. Approaches to specifically induce tumor cell death have historically been a popular research topic. Honokiol (HNK), which exhibits highly efficient and specific anticancer effects, is a biphenolic compound found in. In the present study, we aim to study the effect of HNK on CC cells and elucidate the potential underlying mechanisms. Seven CC cell lines (RKO, HCT116, SW48, HT29, LS174T, HCT8, and SW480) were used. Cells were exposed to HNK and subjected to a series of assays to evaluate characteristics such as cellular activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and ferroptosis-related protein expression levels. Lentiviral transduction was also used to verify molecular mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. We here observed that HNK reduced the viability of CC cell lines by increasing ROS and Felevels. Transmission electron microscopy revealed HNK-induced changes in mitochondrial morphology. HNK decreased the activity of Glutathione Peroxidase 4 (GPX4) but did not affect system Xc-. Thus, our datas indicated that HNK can induce ferroptosis in CC cells by reducing the activity of GPX4. As a potential therapeutic drug, HNK showed good anticancer effects through diverse signal transduction mechanisms and multiple pathways.