A hydroalcoholic extract of oak acorn shell acts as a potent antiangiogenic agent. - GreenMedInfo Summary
In vitro inhibition of angiogenesis by hydroalcoholic extract of oak (Quercus infectoria) acorn shell via suppressing VEGF, MMP-2, and MMP-9 secretion.
Pharm Biol. 2013 Mar ;51(3):361-8. Epub 2012 Nov 8. PMID: 23137183
CONTEXT: Angiogenesis is an essential factor for cancer progression. Although more attention is paid in angiogenesis on its role in cancer biology, many other non-neoplastic diseases are also angiogenic-dependent. Recently, there is motivation to control cancer via inhibition of angiogenesis.
OBJECTIVE: Quercus infectoria Olivier var (Fagaceae) (oak) is a plant whose different parts, such as its fruit shell, have been used extensively as a traditional drug in the west part of Iran. Although some biological properties of oak are determined, its effects on angiogenesis are unclear. So, we investigated the antiangiogenic effects of oak acorn shell.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh oak acorns were collected, and after authentication; hydroalcoholic extract of acorn shells (5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, and 100μg/ml) was used for evaluation of its cytotoxicity, antiproliferative, and antiangiogenic effects in vitro. Also, effects of the extract on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 secretion were assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)and gelatin zymography.
RESULTS: Treatment with hydroalcoholic extract in eight doses resulted in a significant decrease of endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis with an IC₅₀ value of ~20 μg/ml, without any toxic effect. At 40 μg/ml, the extract inhibited MMP-9 activity; however, a dose-dependent reduction (60-80 µg/ml) in MMP-2 activity was seen. VEGF secretion was decreased with increase in the concentration of the extract from 5 to 100 μg/ml.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This study indicated that hydroalcoholic extract of oak acorn shell acts as a potent antiangiogenic agent which exerts its inhibitory effect mainly through downregulation of essential mediators such as VEGF and MMPs.