Abstract Title:

Hyperforin alleviates the psychiatric disorders of adult rats suffered from early maternal separation via activating autophagy.

Abstract Source:

Neurosci Lett. 2021 04 17 ;750:135750. Epub 2021 Feb 18. PMID: 33610670

Abstract Author(s):

Shengwen Wang, Shaofan Wang, Yi Wang, Yu Xin, Jinyue Zhang, Zhuo Yang, Chunhua Liu

Article Affiliation:

Shengwen Wang


Rodent animals exposed to early maternal separation (EMS) show abnormal behaviors. Our previous study reported that autophagy is inhibited in the hippocampus of EMS rats, and hyperforin (HYP) alleviates depressive-like and anxious-like behaviors induced by EMS. However, the underlying mechanism of HYP is still unclear. In this study, we tested whether HYP alleviates the psychiatric disorders of EMS rats via activating autophagy. Pups were randomly divided into the control (CON) group, the EMS group, the EMS +3 mg/kg/day HYP (EMS + HYP) group and the EMS + treatment with 3 mg/kg/day fluoxetine (EMS + FT) group. Pups were separated from their mothers for 6 h every day from postnatal day 1 (PD1) to PD21 except pups of the CON group. Besides, HYP and FT were administered from PD22 to PD35 in the EMS + HYP group and the EMS + FT group respectively. Data showed that HYP not only reduced the level of glutamate, decreased the expression of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit 2B and postsynaptic density-95, but also increased the expression of synaptophysin of EMS rats. Interestingly, the expression of beclin-1 and the ratio of LC3II/LC3I were up-regulated in the EMS + HYP group. Moreover, HYP reduced the expression of the Notch1 receptor and the acetylation of H3K9 of EMS rats. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that HYP ameliorates the depressive-like and anxious-like behaviors via activating autophagy in the hippocampus of EMS rats.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.