Hyperforin may be rather a potential candidate for treatment of hypertrophic scars. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Anti-proliferative and anti-migratory effects of hyperforin in 2D and 3D artificial constructs of human dermal fibroblasts - A new option for hypertrophic scar treatment?
Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2017 Mar 11. Epub 2017 Mar 11. PMID: 28288835
Hyperforin (HYP), one of the main bioactive compounds in extracts of Hypericum perforatum, is a potential drug candidate for the treatment of skin diseases. Since extracts have proven to support wound healing, in the present study effects of HYP on human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) were evaluated in 2D and 3D in vitro dermal constructs. Viability and cytotoxicity assays as well as a live-dead cell staining were performed to test at which concentration HYP reduces viability and/or shows cytotoxicity. Furthermore a differentiation between cytotoxic, anti-proliferative and anti-migratory effects was done. For the latter purpose a 2D migration assay was performed. HDF-induced contraction of a 3D artificial dermal (AD) construct was determined at given HYP concentration. Induction of apoptosis was examined by determination of caspase 3/7 activities. HYP reduced viability of HDF down to 70% at concentrations of 5-10µM. This decrease was not due to cytotoxicity but to a reduction in proliferation as shown from both the proliferation assay and the cytotoxicity assay as well as from live-dead cell staining. The 2D migration assay showed that HYP reduced migration activity of HDF cells at a concentration of 10µM. At this concentration HYP also reduced the HDF-induced contraction of collagen gels as 3D AD constructs. Apoptotic effects of HYP were excluded performing a caspase 3/7 activity detecting assay. The results show for the first time that HYP may be rather a potential candidate for treatment of hypertrophic scars than promoting effects which are understood as important in wound healing.